from photographer Ann & Rob Simpson

Montezuma oropendola, Gymnostinops montezuma, = Psarocolius montezuma, New World tropical...

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Caption: Montezuma oropendola, Gymnostinops montezuma, = Psarocolius montezuma, New World tropical bird, builds pendulous nests, nests cluster in colonies of 140 or more, most bizarre feature is its song, unforgettable song of wheezing, gurgling & popping sounds; Rancho Naturalista, mid elevation montane Caribbean Rainforest, 3000 feet elevation, Costa Rica, Central America, OropendulaM3047zs.tif
Location: Rancho Naturalista
Copyright: © Ann & Rob Simpson /
Release Available: © Fees for one time use unless negotiated otherwise
AGPix ID: AGPix_RoAnSi18_1377
Photo Alignment: 35mm (horizontal)
Comments: © Ann & Rob Simpson - Simpson's Nature Photography, 1932 E Refuge Church Rd., Stephens City, VA 22655 Ph & Fax 540 869 2051 - -

Each catalog image is legally protected by U.S. & International copyright laws and may NOT be used for reproduction in any manner without the explicit authorization of the respective copyright holders.
Ann & Rob Simpson
1932 E Refuge Church Rd.
Stephens City VA 22655-9607

540 869-2051

540 869-2051



Ann & Rob Simpson

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Chinchero weavers, unique boarder technique called ñawi awapa, Luraypu, doble cara, Chinchero lliklla, traditional blankets, indigo blue, cochineal red, and ch'ilka green. Luraypu, Natural Dyes used by Chinchinero weavers: Chilca , Baccharis latifolia Family: Asteraceae, green dye. Chillca in Quechua, Chilca, chilca black, white chilca; ch'illka in Quechua; Chilean romerillo; flowers from a bush called Qolle to make a golden yellow; copper sulfate from above Accha Alta to add to the flowers to make green; shapy, a vine from the jungle just over the mountain beyond Accha Alta, for pink; cochineal, the insect which feeds on cactus, for purple; and citric acid and alum to bump the cochineal dye solution to red. Kiko (flowers), Bidens andicola, Yellows; Qaqa Sunka, "beard lichen", Usnea barbata a lichen with Usnic acid; Dark blues; Indigo, Indigo suffruticosa; Purple Corn, purple dye; Chinchero, Andes Mountains; Chinchero or Chincheros, Chinchero or Chincheros has Inca ruins and a well-conserved medieval Spanish look. The town is one of the most beautiful ones in the Cuzco area. Chinchero is not in the Sacred Valley, but is close to it. The height from sea level of this town is 3762 m in the Andes Mountains so it is even higher than Cusco. There are Inca walls and old colonial Roman-Catholic churches. Some house walls are partly of Inca origin. The Inca influence makes Chincheros streets resemble Cuzco. Lots of traditional culture including the famous Chinchero weavers. Chinchero was the 'birthplace of the rainbow.' Located 45 minutes outside of Cusco on the high plain Pampa de Anta, Chinchero looks out on stunning views where rainbows frequently arch across potato fields during the rainy season. The colours of the rainbow can also be found throughout Chinchero textiles. The 40 adult weavers and 40 children of the community weaving association are masters in the textile art. Chinchero weavers traditionally weave in the doble cara, or two sided warp-faced, technique. Beginning in the 20th century weavers began to learn ley, or single-sided supplementary warp technique, as well as new designs from other communities. Today Chinchero weavers only create traditional textiles in the traditional techniques and designs of Chinchero, while they will utilize a variety of designs and techniques for other types of textiles. Chinchero lliklla, or traditional blankets, have a wide section of blue, red and/or green plain weave and symmetrical sections of designs. When natural indigo dye disappeared in the 20th century, many weavers chose to weave the traditionally blue plain weave section in black. For this reason, many Chinchero blankets from the early to mid 20th century have black plain weave rather than blue. Today the weavers of Chinchero have recovered natural dying and once more weave their plain-weave section in indigo blue, cochineal red, and ch'ilka green. Luraypu is the main design of the community and figures in the center of design strips with smaller designs to either side. Chinchero weavers are particularly proud of their unique boarder technique called ñawi awapa which is simultaneous woven and sewn onto the edges of textiles. In this technique the weft of the border weaving is also the thread used to sew the border onto the textile. (from weavers website); Peru, South America, Peru41094r.TIF
© Ann & Rob Simpson
Channeled Whelk, Busycotypus canaliculatus, egg case, previously known as Busycon canaliculatum, is a very large predatory sea snail, a marine prosobranch gastropod, a busycon whelk, belonging to the family Melongenidae, Assateague Island National Seashore, Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge, Virginia, Maryland, Chincoteague, Delmarva Peninsula, Eastern Shore, Chincoteague Island, Chincoteague Is., USA, his species is endemic to the eastern coast of the United States, from Cape Cod, Massachusetts to northern Florida. It has also been introduced into San Francisco Bay. The shell aperture is located on the right side, i.e. the shell of this species is almost always dextral in coiling. Left-handed or sinistral specimens occur rarely. Channeled whelks prefer sandy, shallow, intertidal or subtidal areas, and can be common in these habitats. They tend to be nocturnal and are known to eat clams. It is an edible mollusc. Assateague003194_AnnRobSimpson.tif
© Ann & Rob Simpson /