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from photographer Ann & Rob Simpson


great potoo, Nyctibius grandis, is a near passerine bird, both...

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Caption: great potoo, Nyctibius grandis, is a near passerine bird, both the largest potoo species and the largest member of the order Caprimulgiformes (nightjars and allies). During the day it perches upright on a tree stump, and is very cryptic, resembling part of the stump; this is a camouflage using color and shape. Ceiba Tops Lodge, Amazon River, The Amazon, Rio Amazonas, in South America is the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world and according to most authorities, the second longest in length - Wikipedia; Amazon River rainforest, Peru, South America, PotooG48678czvsh.jpg
Location: Ceiba Tops Lodge, Amazon River rainforest
Copyright: © Ann & Rob Simpson
Agent: www.agpix.com/snphotos
Release Available: © Fees for one time use only unless negotiated otherwise
AGPix ID: AGPix_RoAnSi18_1274
Photo Alignment: 35mm (vertical)
Comments: © Ann & Rob Simpson - Simpson's Nature Photography, 1932 E Refuge Church Rd., Stephens City, VA 22655 Ph & Fax 540 869 2051 - AnnRobSimpson@snphotos.com - www.agpix.com/snphotos

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Ann & Rob Simpson
1932 E Refuge Church Rd.
Stephens City VA 22655-9607

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540 869-2051

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540 869-2051

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White-headed Woodpecker, Picoides albolarvatus, Sequoia National Park, Kings Canyon-Sequoia National Park complexCalifornia, CA, North America; United States of America {America, U.S., United States, US, USA}; animals; wildlife {undomesticated animals}; birds {avain, aves, bird}; woodpecker, Family Picidae; Lodgepole Village
© Ann & Rob Simpson / www.snphotos.com
Mount Rushmore National Memorial, South Dakota, is a monumental granite sculpture by Gutzon Borglum (1867-1941), located within the United States Presidential Memorial that represents the first 150 years of the history of the United States of America with 60-foot (18 m) sculptures of the heads of former United States presidents (left to right): George Washington (1732-1799), Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), and Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865).[1] The entire memorial covers 1,278.45 acres (5.17 km2)[2] and is 5,725 feet (1,745 m) above sea level.[3] It is managed by the National Park Service, a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior. The memorial attracts approximately two million people annually. Between October 4, 1927, and October 31, 1941, Gutzon Borglum and 400 workers sculpted the colossal 60-foot (18 m) carvings of U.S. presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln to represent the first 150 years of American history. These presidents were selected by Borglum because of their role in preserving the Republic and expanding its territory.[8][10] The image of Thomas Jefferson was originally intended to appear in the area at Washington's right, but after the work there was begun, the rock was found to be unsuitable, so the work on the Jefferson figure was dynamited, and a new figure was sculpted to Washington's left.[8]  In 1933, the National Park Service took Mount Rushmore under its jurisdiction. Engineer Julian Spotts helped with the project by improving its infrastructure. For example, he had the tram upgraded so that it could reach the top of Mount Rushmore for the ease of workers. By July 4, 1934, Washington's face had been completed and was dedicated. The face of Thomas Jefferson was dedicated in 1936, and the face of Abraham Lincoln was dedicated on September 17, 1937. In 1937, a bill was introduced in Congress to add the head of civil-rights leader Susan B. Anthony, but a rider was passed on an appropriations bill requiring that federal funds be used to finish only those heads that had already been started at that time.[11] In 1939, the face of Theodore Roosevelt was dedicated. The Sculptor's Studio--a display of unique plaster models and tools related to the sculpting--was built in 1939 under the direction of Borglum. Borglum died from an embolism in March 1941. His son, Lincoln Borglum, continued the project. Originally, it was planned that the figures would be carved from head to waist,[12] but insufficient funding forced the carving to end.[8] Borglum had also planned a massive panel in the shape of the Louisiana Purchase commemorating in eight-foot-tall gilded letters the Declaration of Independence, U.S. Constitution, Louisiana Purchase, and seven other territorial acquisitions from Alaska to Texas to the Panama Canal Zone.[10]  The entire project cost US$989,992.32.[13] Notably for a project of such size, no workers died during the carving.[14]  On October 15, 1966, Mount Rushmore was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. An essay from Nebraska student William Andrew Burkett, selected as the winner for the college-age group in 1934, was placed on the Entablature on a bronze plate in 1973.[11] In 1991, President George H. W. Bush officially dedicated Mount Rushmore.  In a canyon behind the carved faces is a chamber, cut only 70 feet (21 m) into the rock, containing a vault with sixteen porcelain enamel panels. The panels include the text of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, biographies of the four presidents and Borglum, and the history of the U.S. The chamber was created as the entranceway to a planned "Hall of Records"; the vault was installed in 1998.[15]  Ten years of redevelopment work culminated with the completion of extensive visitor facilities and sidewalks in 1998, such as a Visitor Center, Museum, and the Presidential Trail. Maintenance of the memorial annually requires mountain climbers to monitor and seal cracks. The memorial is not cleaned to remove lichens. It has been cleaned only once. On July 8, 2005, Kärcher GmbH, a German manufacturer of cleaning machines, conducted a free cleanup operation; the washing used pressurized water at over 200 °F (93 °C). {Mount Rushmore}, North America; United States of America {America, U.S., United States, US, USA}; Mount Rushmore National Memorial, near Keystone, South Dakota;
© Ann & Rob Simpson / www.snphotos.com