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from photographer Ann & Rob Simpson


red-headed barbet, Eubucco bourcierii, Savegre, Savegre Mountain Hotel, San Gerardo...

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Caption: red-headed barbet, Eubucco bourcierii, Savegre, Savegre Mountain Hotel, San Gerardo de Doto, Cabinas Chacon, Talamanca Mountains, cloud forest, Cerro de La Muerte, Costa Rica, Central America, It is found in humid highland forest in Costa Rica and Panama, as well as the Andes in western Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and far northern Peru. The diet of the red-headed barbet may include bananas and various other fruits. BarbetRh47077zx2s.jpg
Location: San Gerardo de Doto
Copyright: © Ann & Rob Simpson
Agent: www.agpix.com/snphotos
Release Available: © Fees for one time use only unless negotiated otherwise
AGPix ID: AGPix_RoAnSi18_0895
Photo Alignment: 35mm (horizontal)
Comments: © Ann & Rob Simpson - Simpson's Nature Photography, 1932 E Refuge Church Rd., Stephens City, VA 22655 Ph & Fax 540 869 2051 - AnnRobSimpson@snphotos.com - www.agpix.com/snphotos

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Ann & Rob Simpson
1932 E Refuge Church Rd.
Stephens City VA 22655-9607

Phone:
540 869-2051

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540 869-2051

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annrobsimpson@snphotos.com

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Cusco, capital of the Inca empire, Coricancha, Convent of Santo Domingo, and courtyard, Intipampa. Qorikancha was the religious center of Cusco, geographical and political center. The Temple of Qorichancha, was where maximum paid homage to the Inca god "Inti" (Sun) was held. "Qori" means gold worked its Spanish form is cori. "Kancha" means an enclosed space, bounded by walls. Hence it is that the name corresponds approximately "place that has gold". Originally named Intikancha or Intiwasi, it was dedicated to Inti, and is located at the old Inca capital of Cusco. Mostly destroyed after the 16th century war with the Spanish conquistadors much of its stonework forms the foundation of the Santo Domingo church and convent. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui rebuilt Cusco and the House of the Sun, enriching it with more oracles and edifices, and adding plates of fine gold. He provided vases of gold and silver for the Mama-cunas, nuns, to use in the veneration services. Finally, he took the bodies of the seven deceased Incas, and enriched them with masks, head-dresses, medals, bracelets, sceptres of gold, placing them on a golden bench. The walls were once covered in sheets of gold, and its adjacent courtyard was filled with golden statues. Spanish reports tell of its opulence that was "fabulous beyond belief". When the Spanish required the Inca to raise a ransom in gold for the life of the leader Atahualpa, most of the gold was collected from Coricancha. The Spanish colonists built the Church of Santo Domingo on the site, demolishing the temple and using its foundations for the cathedral. Construction took most of a century. This is one of numerous sites where the Spanish incorporated Inca stonework into the structure of a colonial building. Major earthquakes severely damaged the church, but the Inca stone walls, built out of huge, tightly-interlocking blocks of stone, still stand due to their sophisticated stone masonry. Nearby is an underground archaeological museum, which contains numerous interesting pieces, including mummies, textiles, and sacred idols from the site. The site now also includes the Church and Convent of Santo Domingo. [11] Wikipedia Peru, South America, PERU33678.CR2
© Ann & Rob Simpson
Chinchero weavers, unique boarder technique called ñawi awapa, Luraypu, doble cara, Chinchero lliklla, traditional blankets, indigo blue, cochineal red, and ch'ilka green. Luraypu, Natural Dyes used by Chinchinero weavers: Chilca , Baccharis latifolia Family: Asteraceae, green dye. Chillca in Quechua, Chilca, chilca black, white chilca; ch'illka in Quechua; Chilean romerillo; flowers from a bush called Qolle to make a golden yellow; copper sulfate from above Accha Alta to add to the flowers to make green; shapy, a vine from the jungle just over the mountain beyond Accha Alta, for pink; cochineal, the insect which feeds on cactus, for purple; and citric acid and alum to bump the cochineal dye solution to red. Kiko (flowers), Bidens andicola, Yellows; Qaqa Sunka, "beard lichen", Usnea barbata a lichen with Usnic acid; Dark blues; Indigo, Indigo suffruticosa; Purple Corn, purple dye; Chinchero, Andes Mountains; Chinchero or Chincheros, Chinchero or Chincheros has Inca ruins and a well-conserved medieval Spanish look. The town is one of the most beautiful ones in the Cuzco area. Chinchero is not in the Sacred Valley, but is close to it. The height from sea level of this town is 3762 m in the Andes Mountains so it is even higher than Cusco. There are Inca walls and old colonial Roman-Catholic churches. Some house walls are partly of Inca origin. The Inca influence makes Chincheros streets resemble Cuzco. Lots of traditional culture including the famous Chinchero weavers. Chinchero was the 'birthplace of the rainbow.' Located 45 minutes outside of Cusco on the high plain Pampa de Anta, Chinchero looks out on stunning views where rainbows frequently arch across potato fields during the rainy season. The colours of the rainbow can also be found throughout Chinchero textiles. The 40 adult weavers and 40 children of the community weaving association are masters in the textile art. Chinchero weavers traditionally weave in the doble cara, or two sided warp-faced, technique. Beginning in the 20th century weavers began to learn ley, or single-sided supplementary warp technique, as well as new designs from other communities. Today Chinchero weavers only create traditional textiles in the traditional techniques and designs of Chinchero, while they will utilize a variety of designs and techniques for other types of textiles. Chinchero lliklla, or traditional blankets, have a wide section of blue, red and/or green plain weave and symmetrical sections of designs. When natural indigo dye disappeared in the 20th century, many weavers chose to weave the traditionally blue plain weave section in black. For this reason, many Chinchero blankets from the early to mid 20th century have black plain weave rather than blue. Today the weavers of Chinchero have recovered natural dying and once more weave their plain-weave section in indigo blue, cochineal red, and ch'ilka green. Luraypu is the main design of the community and figures in the center of design strips with smaller designs to either side. Chinchero weavers are particularly proud of their unique boarder technique called ñawi awapa which is simultaneous woven and sewn onto the edges of textiles. In this technique the weft of the border weaving is also the thread used to sew the border onto the textile. (from weavers website); Peru, South America, Peru40879r.TIF
© Ann & Rob Simpson