from photographer Ann & Rob Simpson

Prothonotary Warbler spreading its tail while preening. Appropriately called the...

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Caption: Prothonotary Warbler spreading its tail while preening. Appropriately called the "Golden Swamp Warbler" by Audubon. It inhabits wooded wetlands, river edges and swamps of the Carolinian zone in Eastern North America. Although it is a common representative species of the Great southern swamps, it does breed all the way to southern Ontario, Canada, at Point Pelee National Park and Rondeau Provincial Park. This neotropical migrant winters from the Yucatan in Mexico to northern South America. It is a declining species suffering from loss of habitat on both it's breeding and wintering grounds. The species is a frequent cowbird host.
Scientific name: Protonoaria citrea
Location: Shenandoah River, Virginia, U.S.A
Copyright: © Ann & Rob Simpson
AGPix ID: AGPix_RoAnSi18_0052
Photo Alignment: 35mm (vertical)
Comments: Unlike most warblers, this species nests in tree cavities. Old woodpecker holes may be used or they may excavate a hole in very rotten stumps. They will also use Bluebird boxes that are placed over standing water in a swamp. They are frequent host to Cowbirds, which act as a nest parasite. One Prothonotary nest had seven cowbird eggs and no warbler eggs. They show interspecific aggression towards other cavity nesters like bluebirds, wrens and woodpeckers. This species typifies the swamps of the south-eastern United States. The Great Dismal swamp Wildlife Refuge and First Landing (Seashore) State Park, Virginia, ring with thier song. We have a very comprehensive selection of birds, especially the hard to find and hard to photograph species.

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Ann & Rob Simpson
1932 E Refuge Church Rd.
Stephens City VA 22655-9607

540 869-2051

540 869-2051



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Honduran white bat, Ectophylla alba; Ghost Bat, rare, threatened species,  has snow white fur and a yellow nose and ears. It is tiny, only 3.7-4.7 cm long. The only member of the genus Ectophylla, it is found in Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and western Panama at elevations from sea level to 700 m. It feeds at least in part on fruit. this bat will use the leaf of the large heliconia plant to form a tent. It does so by cutting the side veins of the plant that extend out from the midrib; this causes the leaf to droop along the stem, making a tent. The little white bats then cling to the inner plant upside-down in small colonies of around six, although larger groupings have been reported. Unlike most bats that do make tents - the Honduran White Bat will not flee if disturbed lightly by looking under the leaf - they will only flee when the stem itself is disturbed causing a brief flurry of activity. The advantage of having their white fur is postulated to be the reason - as when sunlight filters through the leaf they look green, and so by not moving they will go un-noticed by possible predators from below. Tortuguero, Costa Rica, Central America, BatW1781CopyZs1gz.jpg
© Ann & Rob Simpson /
Chestnut-breasted Coronet, Boissonneaua matthewsii, feisty hummingbirds, Cabanas San Isidro, well preserved montane humid forest to be found anywhere on the east slope of the Andes; Quijos Valley, one of the westernmost headwaters of the Amazon basin - in Napo province and only 2 about hours from the airport - at an elevation of about 2,050m (6,800 ft.) above sea level in a zone still mostly blanketed by extensive humid forest. Cosanga, Ecuador, South America; CoronetCb43582czsx.tif
© Ann & Rob Simpson